glava
     

TASK 1

Iz spodnjih navodil smo izpustili šest glagolov. Pozorno preberi besedilo in glagole iz okvirčkov razporedi na prava mesta.

Connect

Follow

Test

Position

Insert

Insert

How to Install a Wireless Mouse for Use With Your Laptop PC

Adapted from http://www.ehow.com/articles_3342-mice-keyboards.html

Introduction

Installing a wireless mouse for your laptop PC gives you an extra level of convenience. Using the touchpad on your laptop for long periods of time isn’t practical, but setting up a mouse and keyboard every time you unpack is a little annoying. With a wireless mouse, there’s no extra set-up once it’s installed on your computer.

Instructions

Difficulty: Moderately Easy

Steps

Step One

_______________  new batteries into the battery compartment of your wireless mouse.

Step Two

_______________ the wireless receiver at least eight inches away from your laptop, and between eight inches and six feet away from the mouse.

Step Three

________________ the driver CD for your wireless mouse into your CD drive.

Step Four

_________________ the on-screen instructions to install the mouse driver.

Step Five

_________________ the wireless receiver to the USB port on your laptop.

Step Six

__________________ your new mouse by moving it around on your screen and clicking a few icons.

 

Overall Tips & Warnings

  • Keep spare batteries on hand so that you’re not stuck without a mouse when they stop working.
  • Save money and space by purchasing a packaged set containing a wireless keyboard and mouse. These are less expensive than buying the two separately, and they usually operate on the same receiver.
  • Make sure your laptop meets all the requirements indicated on the box before you buy a wireless mouse.
  • Some wireless peripherals don’t come with their own batteries, so you may need to buy them separately.

Key: Step One: Insert, Step Two:Position, Step Three: Insert, Step Four: Follow, Step Five: Connect, Step Six: Test.

TASK 2

Pozorno preberi reklamo za Acer Aspire 9410-2829, iz katere smo izpustili 10 ključnih besed. Postavi besede na prava mesta.

battery, casing, display, games, hard drive, modem, notebook, processor, tooth, videos

a

Adapted from http://www.geeks.com/details.asp?invtid=AS9410-2829-R&cat=NBB

This Acer Aspire 9410-2829 _________________ (1) features a powerful Pentium Dual-Core 1.73 GHz _________________ (2) and 2 GB of RAM to take on any task you can dream up.  The large 120 GB _________________ (3) provides you with ample storage space for your applications, _________________ (4), videos, photos, music and data files, and more.  Plus, this notebook comes with Windows Vista Home Premium preloaded.

Share your home _________________ (5)  with friends and family by burning your own DVDs and CDs on the SuperMulti DVD±RW drive.  Get online with ease using the 56k _________________ (6), integrated Ethernet or 802.11b/g Wireless LAN.  Network your Bluetooth items with this Acer Aspire's Bluetooth connectivity.

Enjoy brilliant images and text on the 17-inch WXGA+ Acer CrystalBrite LCD _________________ (7).  As a replacement to an antiquated desktop, or as a new travel companion, this Acer Aspire 9410-2829 delivers optimal performance and reliability with each use.  Order yours today!

a


Features/Specifications:

  • Acer Aspire 9410-2829 Dual-Core 1.73 GHz 17-inch Widescreen Notebook
  • General Features:
  • Silver and black _________________ (8)  
  • Windows Vista Home Premium pre-installed w/COA
  • Intel Pentium Dual-Core T2080 1.73 GHz processor
  • 2 GB DDR2 SDRAM
  • 120 GB hard drive
  • SuperMulti DVD±RW drive
  • No floppy drive
  • Intel Graphics Media Accelerator 950
  • Integrated audio with built-in speakers
  • 56k modem
  • Integrated Ethernet
  • 802.11b/g Wireless LAN
  • Built-in 5-in-1 media card reader
  • Blue___9___
  • Keyboard with TouchPad and integrated key pad
  • 17-inch WXGA+ Acer CrystalBrite LCD display
  • Supported Media:
  • Secure Digital (SD)
  • Memory Stick (MS)
  • Memory Stick Pro (MS PRO)
  • MultiMedia Card (MMC)
  • xD Picture Card (xD)
  • Expansion Slots:
  • One (1) ExpressCard slot
  • I/O Ports:
  • Four (4) USB 2.0
  • One (1) S-Video/TV-out
  • One (1) 15-pin VGA
  • One (1) RJ-45 Ethernet jack
  • One (1) RJ-11 modem jack
  • One (1) Microphone jack
  • One (1) Line-in jack
  • One (1) Headphone jack with SPDIF
  • Regulatory Approvals:
  • FCC
  • CE
  • ETL
  • CCC
  • BSMI
  • A-Tick
  • C-Tick
  • NOM
  • Nemko
  • Gost-R

Package Includes:

  • Acer Aspire 9410-2829 Dual-Core 1.73 GHz 17-inch Widescreen Notebook
  • Windows Vista Home Premium pre-installed w/COA
  • Li-ion ___10___
  • Power adapter (100-240C, 50/60 Hz)
  • Power cord
  • Phone cable

 

 

Key: 1. notebook, 2.processor, 3. hard drive, 4. games, 5. videos, 6. modem, 7. display, 8. casing, 9. tooth, 10. battery


TASK 3

Pozorno preberi besedilo From the Industrial Era to the Information Age in odgovori na spodnja vprašanja s kratkimi odgovori. (Uporabi tako imenovani note form.) Odgovore napiši na črte pod vprašanji. Za pomoč glej primer (0).

From the Industrial Era to the Information Age

(0) How can the period that followed the industrial age be characterized?  As informational.

1. In what way have power and functional capabilities of computers changed in the modern era?
________________________________________________________________________

2. Were the first information-processing centers relatively cheap?
________________________________________________________________________

3. Which expression is used to refer to mainframes?
_________________________________________________________________________

4. What does RAM stand for?
_________________________________________________________________________

5.  Did all mainframes have the same amount of RAM?
_________________________________________________________________________

6. Do you need to know more or less about computers today to be able to use them?
__________________________________________________________________________

Key:
1. At a rapid pace. / Quickly. / Rapidly.
2. No.
3. The dinosaur machines.
4. Random Access Memory.
5. No.
6. Less.

Recent advances in technology have rapidly pushed humanity from an industrial age to a period that can be characterized mainly as informational. Computers have gradually become cheaper and more readily available. Their power and functional capabilities increase at a rapid pace. All these factors allow them to be used in practically every field of human activity. However, efficient usage of modern computers requires both advanced infrastructure and a certain level of user skill. These elements are essential to making the most of the high potential of computer hardware.
The advent of calculating devices during the industrial age was a logical stage of evolution: science, technology, and industry require a high processing speed of intensive information flows. At first, the problem was alleviated by the creation of data-processing centers. These were based on sophisticated information-processing centers, which were very powerful (for that time) and, consequently, rather expensive. These centers were serviced, maintained, and supported by numerous highly qualified professionals. Recall the dinosaur machines of the 1960s and 1970s, known as mainframes: a typical mainframe was capable of processing 100,000 to 2 million simple 32-bit register-to-register operations per second. The amount of Random Access Memory (RAM) installed on such machines varied from several hundred kilobytes to several megabytes. Although such parameters are laughable today, they were impressive at that time.
A data-processing revolution took place about two decades ago, with the arrival of personal computers oriented toward individuals. The user-friendly interface (both hardware and software) of PCs significantly lowered the level of user knowledge and skill from that required by previous-generation computers.

TASK 4

Pozorno preberi besedilo How to Time a Computer Purchase  in ga dopolni z manjkajočimi izrazi. V spodnji tabeli so za vsak izraz predlagane tri možnosti. Obkroži izbrano črko.

  •  

A  at

B  on

C  since

  •  

A  up

B  out

C  of

  •  

A  ------

B  for

C  to

  •  

A  so

B  that

C  as

  •  

A  at

B  ------

C  for

  •  

A  for

B  of

C  off

  •  

A  at

B  by

C  from

  •  

A  during

B  since

C  on

  •  

A  on

B  to

C  at

  •  

A  off

B  on

C  about

Key: 1a, 2b, 3b, 4c, 5c, 6b, 7a, 8a, 9b, 10c

How to Time a Computer Purchase

Adapted from: http://www.ehow.com/how_9898_time-computer-purchase.html

Can you get a better deal by buying __1__ the right time, as with other products? Do one-time discounts for packages and other deals have a catch? Find __2__ here.

Instructions

Difficulty: Moderately Easy

Things You’ll Need:

Step 1:
Buy when you need to buy. No matter how long you wait __3__  the best deal, the configuration you buy will cost less in six months. But the features will improve as well and you'll end up wanting a computer that costs as much __4__ the one you are considering today.
Step 2:
Find the "sweet spot" when reading ads for processors. Look __5__ the third chip down from the top of the line. Make sure it's of the current generation __6__ processors.
Step 3:
Understand that current-model computers normally aren't selling __7__ a discount. Advertised prices are regular prices.
Step 4:
Look for long-term financing promotions, especially __8__ the holiday season. Typically, a six-month "same as cash" option provides a discount by saving interest.
Step 5:
Consider Internet service rebates if you are willing to make a long-term financial commitment __9__ analog Internet service from a national provider.
Step 6:
Consider a manufacturer rebate if you aren't required to also purchase the same brand of monitor and/or printer.
Step 7:
Avoid a product that is already six months "behind the curve," unless you're certain your computer needs won't expand or you're willing to replace the machine in six months.
Step 8:
Buy a machine that originally sold for a higher price whenever you can.
Step 9:
Choose a three-month-old clearance model if your needs are basic and your budget is limited.
Step 10:
Consider buying refurbished or repaired units of current or recent models.
Step 11:
Think __10__online auctions.
Step 12:
Consider saving 5 to 20 percent by purchasing a last-of-a-kind floor model or a unit that has been returned in working condition by another customer.

TASK 5

Spodnja zgodba je zabavna IN odlična vaja za ponovitev glagolskega časa The Past Simple. Glagole v oklepajih zato postavi v njihovo past tense obliko (break – broke – broken).

Adapted from: http://www.kettering.edu/~jhuggins/humor/progfrog.html

Computer Programmer and the Frog

Frog


A computer programmer was crossing a road one day when a frog ___________ (1- CALL) out to him and said, "If you kiss me, I'll turn into a beautiful princess." He bent over, ___________ (2- PICK) up the frog and put it in his pocket.
The frog ___________ (3- SPEAK) up again and said, "If you kiss me and turn me back into a beautiful princess, I will tell everyone how smart and brave you are and how you are my hero." The man ___________ (4- TAKE) the frog out of his pocket, smiled at it and returned it to his pocket.
The frog spoke up again and said, "If you kiss me and turn me back into a beautiful princess, I will be your loving companion for an entire week." The man took the frog out of his pocket, smiled at it and ___________ (5- PUT) it back into his pocket.
The frog then ___________ (6- CRY) out, "If you kiss me and turn me back into a princess, I'll stay with you for a year and do anything you want." Again the man took the frog out, smiled at it, and returned it into his pocket."
Finally, the frog asked, "What is the matter? I've told you I'm a beautiful princess, that I'll stay with you for a year and do anything you want. Why won't you kiss me?"
The man ___________ (7- SAY) , "Look, I'm a computer programmer. I don't have time for a girlfriend, but a talking frog is cool."


Laughing

Key: 1. called, 2.picked, 3. spoke, 4. took, 5. put, 6. cried, 7. said

TASKS  6 and 7

Poveži besedne zveze, ki vse vsebujejo besedo computer, z njihovimi definicijami. Rešitve vpiši v razpredelnico.

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(0) computer software

(a) the set of programs that tell a computer what to do

(1) computer-literate

(b) the use of computers to make industrial products

(2) computer virus

(c) the use of computers to design industrial products

(3) computer screen

(d) a screen used to display the output of a computer to the user

(4) computer graphics

(e) the study of computers and what they can do

(5) computer games

(f) pictures and images created by computers

(6) computer science

(g) able to use a computer

(7) computer modelling

(h) games that you play on a computer

(8) computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)

(i) a set of instructions secretly put into a computer, usually spread through emails, which can destroy information stored on the computer

(9) computer-aided design (CAD)

(j) the use of computer images that are models of real things, used to help improve the way that something is designed or to solve a problem

Key:


0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

a

g

i

d

f

h

e

j

b

c

Zgornje besedne zveze sedaj uporabi v stavku. Za lažje reševanje naloge se isti izraz uporabi v dveh stavkih. (Glej primer (0).)

(0) The company develops interactive software for children. / India's software industry barely existed 15 years ago but is growing rapidly today.

1. A wide range of software is supported, including specialist statistical packages, databases, and software for ______________________./ Without ______________________, the engineer is forced to take short cuts by evaluating fewer design options.

2. It is important that all children become ______________________ while they are in school./ The new librarian is highly _______________________, and good at explaining the use of the system to other staff and to our Library users.

3. In ______________________ one learns how to write programs that can perform certain tasks. / Jeff Raskin has a degree in ______________________.

4. Complex ______________________ were used to create the film's special effects. / Photo editing is where ______________________ can be very useful for everyone.

 5. A message flashed up on my ______________________. / Last weekend Dell revealed details about its upcoming 27-inch ______________________.

6. Evolving Hardware Hardware design has traditionally been done by hand, and more recently with  ______________________ and optimization. / The company also offers ______________________ to make the most of your office space.

7. Many applications of the technology are starting to emerge, divided between ______________________, educational programs and professional uses./ For instance, the network will begin by offering a Web site to play ______________________.

8. You should protect your computer against ______________________ and learn how they are easily spread by attachments in e-mails or instant messaging. / Some people think that by creating a new ______________________ they will actually become famous.

9.  ______________________was first used in 1971 for car body design and tooling. / ______________________ is the use of computer-based software tools that assist engineers and machinists in manufacturing or prototyping product components.

Source: Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

Key: 1. computer modelling, 2. computer-literate 3. computer science, 4. computer graphics, 5. computer screen, 6. computer-aided design, 7. computer games, 8. computer viruses, 9. computer-aided manufacturing

TASK 8

Pozorno preberi spodnji članek z naslovom Motherboards in se odloči, ali so spodaj navedene trditve glede na prebrano besedilo pravilne (T) ali napačne (F). Nato vriši kljukico v ustrezen stolpec v tabeli.

Motherboards

Contemporary motherboards support numerous processor bus frequencies within a wide frequency range. However, when comparing the parameters of motherboards, it is clear that different motherboards have not only different frequency values, but also different distributions within the frequency range. This occurs because contemporary motherboards use different frequency synthesizer chips.


a


Processor stability at high processor-bus frequencies is achieved by increasing the processor supply voltage. When no built-in functions allow you to change the supply voltage, it is possible to use insulating varnish or another technique. This applies to almost any contemporary motherboard.
Currently, a processor-bus frequency above 250 MHz is not always a substantial advantage, although motherboards supporting even higher FSB values are announced regularly. No matter how advanced the motherboard might be, it is difficult to find other components (such as memory modules) capable of operating at such high frequencies. Besides this, not all high-frequency components of the motherboard would operate at such frequencies.
The memory-bus frequency, as well as the Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) and Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) frequencies, are specified by the FSB frequency setting. Extremely high frequencies at these buses, depending on the motherboard architecture and chipset functionality, might cause hardware components to fail. This relates to RAM modules such as DIMM DDR SDRAM, video adapters (AGP or PCI), hard disks, and so on. However, many motherboards allow you to set fixed values of PCI/AGP frequencies (33/66 MHz) independent of the FSB frequency. These and other promising technologies are implemented in the architecture of the newest motherboard models, which appear on the market continually and in large quantities. Specialized chipsets, the basis of the motherboard architecture, ensure support of these new technologies.
Many chipsets and motherboard models are milestones in the history of computing.

1. All contemporary motherboards use the same frequency synthesizer chips.
2. The supply voltage can only be changed with built-in functions.
3. The highest processor bus frequency is 250 MHz.
4. Very high frequencies at  certain buses can damage hardware components.
5. Advanced motherboard models are constantly introduced on the market in large numbers.
6. Specialized chipsets do not play an important role in the support of new technologies.

Key: 1. F, 2. F, 3. F, 4. T, 5. T, 6. F

TASK 9

Spodnji odstavki vsebujejo opise za virus, trojan horse, spam, worm in spyware. Definiraj torej računalniške nadlogeJ. Rešitve napiši na črto nad posamezni odstavek.

Adapted from: https://www.fnb.co.za/legallinks/securitycentre/terms.html

_______________
A: Unsolicited email, often of a commercial nature, sent indiscriminately to multiple mailing lists or individuals.

_______________
B: This is software that secretly gathers information about a user while he/she navigates the Internet. This information is normally used for advertising purposes. It can also gather information about email addresses and even passwords and credit card numbers.

_______________
C: This is a program that disguises itself as another program. Similar to a virus, these programs are hidden and cause an unwanted effect. They differ from viruses because they are normally not designed to replicate like a virus.

_______________
D: This is a piece of code that is secretly introduced into a system in order to corrupt it or destroy data. They are hidden in other programs or documents and when opened, they are let loose.

_______________
E: This is a special type of virus that spreads without any user interaction, typically by exploiting a flaw in popular software.

Key: A: Spam, B: Spyware, C: Trojan horse, D: Virus, E: Worm

TASK 10

Pozorno preberi besedilo Hard disks  in nedoločnike v oklepaju postavi v ustrezno glagolsko obliko. Besedilo vsebuje tudi eno trpno obliko (passive voice), ki jo lahko prepoznaš po besedici by.

Hard Disks

A hard disk is a device for ___1___ (STORE) large amounts of data. Each disk comprises four basic elements that contribute to the disk parameters: media (platters), read/write heads, positioning device that positions the head to the needed track, and controller that ensures data transfer.
Hard disk performance ___2___ (DEPEND) on various parameters. The most important are write density, data-access time, amount of cache memory, and interface.
Increasing the write density increases the disk capacity and data-transmission speed, provided that the disk rotation speed remains the same. Hard disk capacity ___3___ (TEND) to double each year.
The data-access time includes the interval needed to position the head to the required track and the latency (the wait for the needed sector to appear under the head). The latency depends on the rotation speed.
For now, hard disks with a rotation speed of 7,200 rpm, 2 MB cache memory, and a capacity of 120 GB to 180 GB ___4___ (BE) the optimal choice for desktop PCs.
The most common models ___5___ (HAVE) a parallel ATA interface (i.e., IDE, EIDE, or ATAPI) with a data-transmission speed of 100 MB/sec. However, these ___6___ (REPLACE) by the Serial ATA interface, which ensures a transmission rate of 150 MB/sec.
Hard disks have low overclocking potential. Acceleration of more than 20% ___7___ (MAY/RESULT) in data loss, even under conditions of adequate cooling. This risk and the possibility of disk failure indicate that it ___8___ (NOT/BE) wise to overclock hard disks.

V spodnjo tabelo zapiši izbrano obliko glagola.

  • __________________________________
  • __________________________________
  • __________________________________
  • __________________________________
  • __________________________________
  • __________________________________
  • __________________________________
  • __________________________________

Key: 1. storing, 2. depends, 3. tends, 4. are, 5. have, 6. are being replaced, 7. may result, 8. is not/isn't

 

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